Projects Funded for Julian Arteaga

2022-2023

Mexican Migration, Agricultural Labor Supply, and the H2A Visa Program

Ashish Shenoy and Julian Arteaga

Abstract

Proposed Objectives of the Project:
This project aims to examine the consequences of the negative trend in agricultural labor supply caused by declining rates of Mexican migration to the United States.

Summary of Results:
The project has generated three key findings resulting from the decline in immigration from Mexico over the past twenty years. First, Mexican immigrants have become less internally mobile in response to local labor market conditions. Second, the farm sector has made up labor shortfalls using contract labor in the short run, and substituting to more capital-intensive practices in the long run. Third, the H2A visa program has emerged as another mechanism to compensate for short-term labor shortfalls in recent years.