The Cost of Coexistence: Impacts of Expanding Wolf Populations on California’s Ranchers
Saitone, Tina L. and Kenneth W. Tate
Gray wolves have returned to California, and populations have expanded quickly. The presence of this apex predator has created direct and indirect costs that are borne by California’s ranching community. Herein we discuss these wolf-related impacts and California’s pilot wolf conflict compensation program, which is aimed at mitigating wolf-related costs in order to incentivize coexistence.
Endangered species, predators, pay for presence, coexistence compensation
Saitone, Tina L. and Kenneth W. Tate. 2023. "The Cost of Coexistence: Impacts of Expanding Wolf Populations on California’s Ranchers." ARE Update 27(1): 9-11. University of California Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics.