Voter-Approved Proposition to Raise California Pork Prices
Hanbin Lee, Richard J. Sexton, and Daniel A. Sumner
California voters passed Proposition 12 in November 2018 to require more housing space for certain farm animals. We estimate that Prop 12 will cost California pork consumers about $320 million annually due to higher pork prices.
Hogs, animal welfare, ballot proposition, group housing, regulation
Hanbin Lee, Richard J. Sexton, and Daniel A. Sumner. 2021. "Voter-Approved Proposition to Raise California Pork Prices." ARE Update 24(6): 5-8. University of California Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics.