Science-Based Agriculture for Expanding Food Production and Sustainability
Agriculture in this century will be challenged to feed at least 3 billion more people while reducing greenhouse gas emissions, protecting biodiversity, and improving rural well-being. Critics of modern agriculture contest the use of chemicals and biotechnology solutions and promote local, organic, “ecological” agriculture. This paper argues that science-based modern agriculture has been a major success, yet has its drawbacks. We recommend that agriculture pursue a “sustainable growth policy,” blending local knowledge with modern science to develop solutions that recognize heterogeneity across locations and societies.
Innovation, biotechnology, sustainability, productivity, climate change, precision
David Zilberman. 2021. "Science-Based Agriculture for Expanding Food Production and Sustainability." ARE Update 24(6): 1-4. University of California Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics.