President Trump and Migration after Three Years

Philip Martin

from ARE Update Vol. 23, No. 3, Jan/Feb, 2020

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Candidate Trump made reducing unauthorized migration a central theme of his campaign for the presidency. President Trump issued executive orders that instructed the Department of Homeland Security to build a wall on the Mexico-U.S. border, increase deportations, and reduce refugee admissions; we examined the implementation of these orders in ARE Update in March-April 2019. In three years, President Trump has implemented policies to reduce unauthorized migration and asylum-seeking. Agricultural guest worker programs have not changed significantly, but rising labor costs are pushing farmers to invest in mechanization and housing for guest workers.


Unauthorized migration, guest workers, border wall


Philip Martin. 2020. "President Trump and Migration after Three Years." ARE Update 23(3): 5-8. University of California Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics.