Democracy and Environmental Quality

Farzin, Y. Hossein and Craig A. Bond

from ARE Update Vol. 9, No. 4, March/April, 2006

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The relationship between several local and global air pollutants and economic development is evaluated. We find empirical support for our hypothesis that democracy provides the best conduit to environmental quality, relative to other governmental structures, thus leading to decreased concentrations or emissions of pollution. The results have policy implications for the developing world, as well as the United States.


pollution, environment, quality, policy, democracy, income, model


Farzin, Y. Hossein and Craig A. Bond. 2006. "Democracy and Environmental Quality." ARE Update 9(4): 5-8. University of California Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics.